Transparent, orange flavored and with an alcohol content of 15 to 45°. And the triple sec, The French liqueur born in 1834 from the mind of Jean Baptiste Combier in Saumur, a French municipality in the department of Maine et Loire. Its name, so singular, derives from triple distillation process to which it is subjected. The preparation begins with the infusion of sun-dried orange peels, originally exclusively from Haiti, in alcohol for the duration of a day. At the end, the infusion is filtered and distilled in copper stills. Together with Cointreau, Curaçao, Grand Marnier and Orange bitters it represents one of the best known orange flavored liqueurs and, undoubtedly, one of the most important protagonists in numerous cocktails. Scrolling through the IBA list there are 7, divided as follows.
Between the Sheets
The first cocktail on the list is Between the Sheets, which literally means “between the sheets”. The origin of the cocktail is rather uncertain. There are those who maintain that it was born in the early 1900s in London and those who think it is a revisitation of the sidecar by the barman at Harry's New York Bar in Paris Harry MacElhone in 1930. There is also a debate on the name among those who maintain that its high alcohol content can aid sleep or those who believe that Between the Sheets was the favorite drink of local prostitutes. It is prepared by shaking all the ingredients with ice and filtering them into a cold cocktail glass.
In the official IBA list since 2011, the Sidecar is a sour-type cocktail born most likely at the Ritz Hotel in Paris and became famous in the Parisian Harry's New York Bar thanks to the creativity of the owner Harry MacElhone. It is said that the name derives from the fact that Harry himself wanted to dedicate this drink to a gentleman who broke into his bar with a sidecar. It is prepared by shaking all the ingredients with ice and filtering them into a chilled cocktail glass. It is generally served with sugar crust and lemon peel.
As with the previous cocktails, the origin of the White Lady is also unclear. The most accepted theory is that it was the same cocktail prepared for the first time, also in this case, by the owner of Harry's New York Bar Harry MacElhone. The name White Lady derives from the fact that it was the first time he prepared it in honor of a woman who wore a white dress And who, after having felt ill, recovered by sipping this cocktail. According to the French, it was born in homage to the work La Dame invisible by François-Adrien Boieldieu; according to the United States to Ella Fitzgerald, who, always in a white dress, sang “Sophisticated lady”. It is prepared by shaking all the ingredients with ice and filtering them into a chilled cocktail glass.
In the official IBA list since 1987, the Golden Dream was born in the 1960s, thanks to Raimundo Alvarez, bartender at the Old King Bar in Miami. The occasion was that of the Oscar win by actress Joan Crawford, to which the man wanted to dedicate this cocktail. It is prepared by shaking all the ingredients with ice and filtering them into a chilled cocktail glass.
Belonging to the sour category, the margarita is an aperitif cocktail. As in the previous ones, also in this case the long history of the drink obscures its origins. Frequently served with a crust of salt and in the characteristic sombrero cup, the well-known cocktail is born between the 30s and 40s to a man – Daniel Negrete or Carlos Herrera – or by a woman, in this case the most accredited name is that of Margaret Sames, who created a different version - in terms of ingredients or proportions - from the one now recognized as official. It is prepared by shaking all the ingredients with ice and filtering them into a chilled cocktail glass.
NEW ERA DRINKS
Lemon Drop Martini
Also known as Lemon Drop, the first cocktail of the New Era Drinks category, in the official IBA list since 2011, was invented in the 1970s by the founder and owner of San Francisco bar Henry Africa's Norman Jay Hobday. Another theory has it that Jay himself created the cocktail in homage to the well-known lemon-shaped candy of the same name. Considered a variant of the Vodka Martini, it is prepared by shaking all the ingredients with ice and filtering them into a frozen cocktail glass with sugar crust.
Caribbean cocktail, also included in the IBA list since 2011, is thought to have originated in reference tosong of the same name popular song from Haiti rewritten in English and has become almost as famous as a national anthem. With the re-release by Hawaiian singer Arthur Lyman in 1961, the song reached number 4 on the Billboard charts and was performed weekly at the Shell Bar at the Hilton Hawaiian Village Waikiki Beach Resort, where the cocktail was most likely born. Another theory instead claims that the name should be attributed to the yellow color attributed to the Galliano liqueur. It is prepared by shaking all the ingredients with ice and filtering them into a chilled cocktail glass.[:]